10.8 Forge Welding

In forge welding, the parts to be jointed are first heated to a proper temperature in a furnace or forge and then hammered. This method of welding is rarely used now-a-days. An electric-resistance welding is an example of forge welding.
In this case, the parts to be joined are pressed together and an electric current is passed from one part to the other until the metal is heated to the fusion temperature of the joint. The principle of applying heat and pressure, either sequentially or
simultaneously, is widely used in the processes known as *spot, seam, projection, upset and flash welding.